Saving Schemes – Types, Interest Rates, Comparison and Benefits

About Saving Schemes

Savings plans are tools that people use to reach their financial objectives over a specific time frame. The Indian government, banks from the public and private sectors, and financial organizations all introduce these programs. The interest rates for these schemes are set by the government or the banks and are changed regularly. Your savings from these plans can be used for a variety of purposes, such as debt reduction, emergencies, marriage, children’s education, retirement, and higher education. Read the complete post to get complete information related to Saving Schemes including About, Benefits, Different Types of Saving Schemes, and much more

What are Saving Schemes ?

A financial product or program called a savings scheme is created to assist Indian individuals in saving and investing their money to receive better interest rates. It is a very planned and methodical way to invest. Governmental organizations, banks, and financial institutions all provide them. To take advantage of the Income Tax Act of 1961’s tax deductions and exemptions, the government offers Indians a variety of investment opportunities. To meet the varied needs and tastes of people, India offers a wide range of savings plans. These programs give people the chance to save and invest their money in an organized way and are provided by both public and commercial financial organizations.

Post Office PPF Account

Benefits of Saving Schemes 2024

Some of the key benefits of the Saving Schemes are as follows:

  • Investing in savings programmes can help people reach their long-term objectives, which include retirement plans, college for their kids, and marriage for their kids.
  • The majority of donations to the plans may be made online, and both maintenance and investing are rather straightforward.
  • Numerous savings plans: There are a lot of savings plans on the market right now. Benefits differ depending on the sector and the scheme.
  • Since the schemes are initiated by the Indian government, the donations made to them are safe, secure, and minimally risky.

Different Types of Saving Schemes

Fixed Deposits (FDs)

It is a unique investment that qualifies for tax breaks under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and is provided by Indian commercial or public banks. It permits investors to make fixed-term investments up to a maximum of Rs. 1.5 lakh every financial year, with the maximum investment eligible for tax reduction under Section 80C. FDs that save taxes usually have a five-year lock-in term. In general, withdrawals from tax-saving fixed deposits (FDs) cannot be made prematurely or partially.

Rate of interest5.75% to 8.60% PA
DurationFive years
Minimum InvestmentRupees 100
Maximum InvestmentInfinite

Unit-Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP)

A unique type of investment known as a Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) combines the advantages of investment options with insurance coverage. It is a single plan that provides two advantages. Under ULIP, the investor pays a premium, part of which is allocated to life insurance and the remainder to debt, equities, or balanced funds. For Indians, it is an adaptable investment option. In accordance with the 1961 Income Tax Act, ULIPs provide tax advantages. Under Section 80C, life insurance premiums are deductible from taxes up to a certain amount. There is a five-year lock-in period included as well.

Rate of interest Not fixed; fluctuates
Duration5 to 20 years
Minimum InvestmentRupees 2500
Maximum InvestmentInfinite

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme

Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)

Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, ELSS mutual funds provide tax advantages. In comparison to other savings plans, it offers a brief lock-in period. By investing in stocks, it offers chances for long-term wealth building. Investing in the stock market, equity linked savings scheme funds can provide investors with larger returns than typical tax-saving schemes. Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) are an alternative for investing, and tax deductions of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh are available. It is risk-free and adaptable.

Rate of interestVariable, not constant
Duration3 years
Minimum InvestmentRupees 100
Maximum InvestmentN/A

Employee Provident Funding (EPF)

To assist workers in saving money for retirement, the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) established the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF). This type of social security programme was created by the Indian government. For employees, it offers stability and financial security during their retirement years. This plan requires a monthly financial payment from the company as well as the employee. The contribution for workers is equal to 12% of their base pay + dearness allowance. Section 80C of the Income Tax Act allows for tax deductions on contributions made to the Employees’ Provident Fund, subject to a maximum amount. Withdrawals after five years are tax-free.

Rate of interest variable; now 8.25%

DurationNo Limit
Minimum Investment12% of the base
Maximum InvestmentNone

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

In India, the Public Provident Fund (PPF) is among the most well-liked and secure investment programmes. The Government of India offers this long-term investment as a secure and cost-effective method for people to save for their retirement. In certain Indian banks and post offices, PPF accounts can be opened. Additionally, they offer interest rates that are higher than those of ordinary savings accounts and are determined by the government. It is eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, up to a maximum of Rs. 1.5 lakh every financial year. The interest rate is subject to annual fluctuations.

Rate of interestvaries, Now 7.1%
Duration15 years
Minimum InvestmentRupees 2500
Maximum InvestmentInfinite

NPS or National Pension System

The Indian government offers a long-term retirement savings plan called the National Pension System (NPS). It offers a steady income during the years of retirement. The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) is in charge of regulating it. All workers in the public, private, and unorganised sectors, as well as independent contractors, are eligible to participate in this programme. Transparency and minimal costs are the National Pension System’s main priorities. Furthermore, subject to particular limitations, it qualifies for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, and partial withdrawals are permitted for designated uses. In NPS, the interest rate is variable.

Rate of interestdetermined by pension fund returns
DurationUp to 60 years
Minimum InvestmentRupees 1000
Maximum InvestmentNone

Post Office Time Deposit Scheme

Post Office Savings Scheme

The Indian Postal Service offers a variety of investment opportunities that are referred to as post office savings schemes. The India Post offers several different schemes. Because they have low risk and guaranteed returns, they are the most popular type of savings. According to its most recent update from January 1, 2023, the Post Office Savings Scheme has a fixed interest rate of 4.00%. It’s also a pretty quick and easy scheme. Investors must open a post office savings account and begin saving money.

Rate of interest4%
Minimum InvestmentRupees 50
Maximum Investment0


Is it possible to open a combined post office savings account?

Yes, it is possible to open a combined post office savings account.

Do Post Office Savings Accounts offer mobile or net banking options?

Users of Post Office Savings Accounts at CBS Post Offices can use mobile banking and intraoperative netbanking services. For POSB, this will function inside the DoP network.

Can students start a savings account at the post office?

Yes, investors in the Post Office Savings Scheme may be students over the age of eighteen.

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