What is Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana, Implementation Strategy & Areas Affected | PMKKKY Benefits & Objective
We are all aware that our nation has a rich source of minerals, and because of this, the central government has initiated a number of initiatives to ensure that these resources are put to the best possible use. In this regard, the Central Government has only lately initiated the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY), which is a program that will help with the process of developing and elevating the mining region and the people who live there.
The Indian government has a program called the PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana, which aims to improve the quality of life in places and among the population that has been negatively impacted by activities associated with mining. Today, in the course of this article, we will tell you all of the important information concerning PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana 2022. Some of the topics we will cover include the following: the program’s purpose, its benefits, its features, etc.
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana
On September 17, 2015, PM Narendra Modi laid the groundwork for the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY), a program that aims to improve the lives of ST people who work in the mining industry. The majority of the people who are part of a federally recognized tribe in the United States may be found in economically vibrant mining communities spread throughout regions included in the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution. In light of these considerations, the government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana 2022 to improve the living conditions, infrastructure, and overall health of the indigenous peoples living in these regions. They also get advantages from the mineral resources mined in such places.
PMKKKY Money Usage Protocol
60% of DMF money must be used for ‘major priority sectors’ and 40percent for ‘other priority sectors
|High Priority Sectors||Low Priority areas|
|Clean supply for Drinking Water.Measures for the environment.Caring society in the health sectorEducatingprotecting the interests of people.Concern for the well-being of elderly and handicapped individuals Skill development Sanitation||Improvement of physical infrastructure, including Irrigation, Energy, and Watersheds.Any further actions that may be taken to improve the condition of the environment in the mining area|
|Scheme Name||Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)|
|Launched By||By Central Government|
|Beneficiaries||Citizens of Mining Areas|
|Objective||To Develop and Uplift the Mining Sector and its Inhabitants|
|Benefits||Advancement of the Mining Sector and the Citizens Living there|
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana Objectives
The Indian government began the PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana to improve mineral regions and the population. After farming, mining offers the most jobs in our nation. The Central Government would accelerate the mining industry via this initiative so every person involved may become empowered and self-reliant and their quality of life can increase. This initiative would also promote the health and economy of tribal people in mining-affected regions and maintain the natural environment.
PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana Benefits and Features
- Most Scheduled Tribe (ST) people reside in profitable mining regions specified by the Constitution’s Fifth Schedule. The Indian government has begun Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana 2022 to safeguard the tribals’ health, ecology, and economy. They also profit from local mineral resources.
- 60% of the cash will go to high-priority sectors such as drinking water, health care, sanitation, education, skill development, women and child care, elderly and handicapped care, and environmental preservation. 40% will go to infrastructure, irrigation, and electricity. The government created this program for the mining industry and its citizens.
- Only Rs 5,529 crores of the 22,859 crores placed in the District Mineral Fund would be utilized.
- Under the PMKKKY,, a trust was founded in 2015 as a non-profit in mining-affected districts.
- 5% of the yearly sum collected by DMFs formed under this state-set plan. This will cover organizational, regulatory, and other Foundations expenditures.
- There will be precise instructions for operating under this system issued for the mining regions that span two districts, it has been declared.
- Under this policy, the government has mandated that every DMF maintain its own website and make publicly available every piece of facts and information pertaining to that particular DMF.
- The state government’s guidelines also show that an annual audit of all DMFs’ financials would be conducted and included in the yearly report.
Areas Affected by the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana
- Wherever direct mining-related activities such as excavation, mining, blasting, beneficiation, and waste disposal (overburdened dumps, tailing ponds etc.) are situated.
- Mine-operating villages and gram panchayats. Such mine regions may include nearby villages, blocks, or districts.
- A radius from a mine or cluster of mines defined by the state legislature, whether in the concerned or neighboring district.
- Project officials resettled/rehabilitated mine-displaced families in villages.
- Villages that rely on mining regions for their economic requirements and have usufruct and customary privileges over project areas, for grazing, collecting minor forest products, etc. are immediately impacted.
- Indirectly Affected Areas: Areas where mining-related activities have financial, social, and ecological implications. Mining may degrade water, soil, and air quality, reduce stream flows and deplete groundwater, cause congestion and pollution, and strain existing infrastructure and resources.
- The DMF must keep a list of directly and indirectly impacted locations.